Lake Victoria On World Map It is that time of the month when we briefly take our gaze off Covid-19 deaths and infections and look at who is winning or losing from the pandemic and other goings-on shaking our world. Its area is 26,828 square miles (69,484 square km).  The Victoria haplochromines are part of an older group of more than 700 closely related species, also including those of several smaller lakes in the region, notably Kyoga, Edward–George, Albert, and Kivu.  There is little doubt that Haplochromis played an important role in returning detritus and plankton back into solution. Lake Victoria is known to be 2nd largest fresh water lake, and is the source of the White Nile river.  The first introduction of Nile perch to the region, done by the Uganda Game and Fisheries Department (then part of the colonial government) and local African fish guards, happened upstream of Murchison Falls directly after the completion of the Owen Falls Dam in 1954. For a relaxing, pleasurable lake vacation in East Africa, we recommend a visit to Lake Victoria, the largest of the Great African Lakes and the second largest freshwater lake in the world. With a surface area of approximately 59,947 km2 (23,146 sq mi), Lake Victoria is Africa's largest lake by area, the world's largest tropical lake, and the world's second-largest fresh water lake by surface area after Lake Superior in North America. Until 1963, the fastest and newest ferry, MV Victoria, was designated a Royal Mail Ship.  The zooplanktivores have been least affected and in the late 1990s had reached densities similar to, or above, the densities before the drastic declines, although consisting of fewer species and often switching their diet towards macroinvertebrates. Corrections? Located on the western frontier of Kenya, the lake is only a one-hour flight from Nairobi to Kisumu and a 40-minute flight from Maasai Mara, making it a convenient option for your safari plans with AfricanMecca. That’s more species than in any other lake on Earth, save Lake Malawi..  The lake's area is divided among three countries: Kenya occupies 6% (4,100 km2 or 1,600 sq mi), Uganda 45% (31,000 km2 or 12,000 sq mi), and Tanzania 49% (33,700 km2 or 13,000 sq mi).. Lake Victoria (Luo: Nam Lolwe; Luganda: 'Nnalubaale; also Ukerewe) is one of the African Great Lakes. Uganda Access points to Lake Victoria from Uganda include Kampala, Jinja & Entebbe. In terms of contributed water, this makes Lake Victoria the principal source of the longest branch of the Nile.  During its geological history, Lake Victoria went through changes ranging from its present shallow depression, through to what may have been a series of much smaller lakes. Lake Victoria (Luo: Nam Lolwe; Luganda: 'Nnalubaale; also Ukerewe) is one of the African Great Lakes. For a comprehensiwe list of these islands, see: J. Prado, R.J. Beare, J. Siwo Mbuga & L.E. Because of this, most of Lake Victoria's nutrients are thought to be locked up in lake-bottom deposits. Source of world's longest river … world's longest river. Crisman, T.L., Chapman, Lauren J., Chapman, Colin A., & Kaufman, Les S. (2003). Km. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. , A number of environmental issues are associated with Lake Victoria and the complete disappearance of many endemic cichlid species has been called the "most dramatic example of human-caused extinctions within an ecosystem". Lake Victoria is the source of the Nile.  A 2016 project digitized ten-thousand points and created the first true bathymetric map of the lake. , Starting in the 1950s, several species have been introduced to Lake Victoria where they have become invasive and a prime reason for the extinction of many endemic haplochromine cichlids. The lake has a maximum depth of between 80 and 84 m (262 and 276 ft) and an average depth of 40 m (130 ft). Njoka. As Lake Tanganyika is a border for four countries Zambia, Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo- the success of the project will depend on how well these countries work together. Conversely, genetic studies indicate that some morphologically distinctive populations, traditionally regarded as separate species, may only be variants of single species. Featuring room service, this property also provides guests with a playground.  To boost fishing, several species of non-native tilapia and Nile perch were introduced to the lake in the 1950s.  Initially it was feared that this number was even higher, by some estimates 65 percent of the total species, but several species that were feared extinct have been rediscovered after the Nile perch started to decline in the 1990s. In addition, it's the largest tropical lake in the world, and the planet's second largest freshwater lake. Conservation Biology: For the Coming Decade. Today, the lake and its resources fuel the economies of Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda. It was completed in 1999 and began producing hydroelectric power the next year. , Before the mass extinction that has occurred among the lake's cichlids in the last 50 years, about 90 percent of the native fish species in the lake were haplochromines. The lake’s basin area covers 92,240 square miles (238,900 square km). Lake Victoria covers an approximate 68,800 km squared. 9 Largest Lakes in Africa 1.  This expedition was financially sponsored by the Royal Geographic Society. Lake Victoria was once home to over 500 species of fish. It was the site of a fishing boom in the 1980s and 90s when the world paid huge money for its Nile perch and tilapia fish. Lake Victoria is a destination for a number of tourist activities in the countries where it is shared. The lake rests between three countries namely, Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania. Lake Victoria is located in east central Africa along the equator. United Nations Environment Programme & Belgium. Among these are the hippopotamus, African clawless otter, spotted-necked otter, marsh mongoose, sitatunga, bohor reedbuck, defassa waterbuck, cane rats, and giant otter shrew. The vegetated shores of Lake Victoria near the Speke Resort in Munyonyo, Kampala, Uganda. Km. In this way, the Nile perch has degraded the diverse and thriving ecosystem that was once Lake Victoria. Public awareness exercises were also conducted. Het bevindt zich in Oost-Afrika tussen de staten Tanzania, Oeganda en Kenia.Met een oppervlakte van 69 484 km² is het bijna zo groot als Nederland en België samen. The project aims to provide safe drinking water for an estimated one million people and improved sanitation for 100 000 people. Oluka, 1991.  As the species was already present, there were few objections when more Nile perch were transferred to Victoria to further bolster the stock in 1962–63. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Ugandan volunteers passing out life jackets in an effort to decrease the number of drownings in Lake Victoria. "Toxic dump: The poisons killing lake Victoria", "Water Hyacinth Re-invades Lake Victoria", "Scientists raise concerns over pollution of Lake Victoria", "Lake Victoria | Size, Map, Countries, & Facts", "Diver's recover 180 bodies from Africa's worst ferry disaster", "Ferry tragedy: More than 200 feared dead in Tanzania", Decreasing levels of Lake Victoria Worry East African Countries, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Lake_Victoria&oldid=1000238574, CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown, Articles containing Luo (Kenya and Tanzania)-language text, Articles containing Luganda-language text, Articles containing undetermined-language text, Articles using infobox body of water without alt, Articles using infobox body of water without image bathymetry, Articles needing additional references from June 2017, All articles needing additional references, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Its shores are dotted with key cities and towns, including Kisumu, Kisii, and Homa Bay in Kenya; Kampala, Jinja and Entebbe in Uganda; and Bukoba, Mwanza, and Musoma in Tanzania. Join now.  The invasive weed was first attempted to be controlled by hand, removed manually from the lake; however, re-growth occurred quickly. (See East African Rift System.) Lake Victoria (or Victoria Nyanza in the Bantu language) is the largest of the African Great Lakes, the largest lake in Africa and the world’s second largest freshwater lake by surface area, after Lake Superior. Lake Victoria receives 80 percent of its water from direct rainfall. The water since at least 12,000 years ago drained across a natural rock weir. The area of lake victoria’s surface is shared among three countries that majorly make up the east African community; Kenya covers 6%, Uganda covers 45% and 49% is in Tanzania. The ferry MV Bukoba sank in the lake on 21 May 1996 with a loss of between 800 and 1,000 lives, making it one of Africa's worst maritime disasters. However, considering the fact that the Nile river links to Lake Victoria. , Many mammal species live in the region of Lake Victoria, and some of these are closely associated with the lake itself and the nearby wetlands. Sediment and suspended solids are filtered out using sand, which acts like a sieve. Human infections by this parasite are common at Lake Victoria. The main ports on the lake are Kisumu, Mwanza, Bukoba, Entebbe, Port Bell, and Jinja.  UGFD officials argued that Nile perch must have spread to Lake Victoria by themselves by passing through the Owen Falls Dam when shut down for maintenance, but this is considered highly unlikely by many scientists. The Kagera River, which flows into Lake Victoria near the Tanzanian town of Bukoba, is the longest feeder river for Lake Victoria, although sources do not agree on which is the longest tributary of the Kagera, and hence the most distant source of the Nile itself.. 2. Tanganyika is the longest freshwater lake in the world and the second oldest lake in … Source of.  This is far more species of fish than any other lake in the world, except Lake Malawi.  The deepest part of the lake is offset to the east of the lake near Kenya and the lake is generally shallower in the west along the Ugandan shoreline and the south along the Tanzanian shoreline. , Other factors which may have contributed to the decline of the water hyacinth in Lake Victoria include varying weather patterns, such as El Niño during the last few months of 1997 and first six months of 1998 bringing with it higher levels of water in the lake and thus dislodging the plants. The only outflow from Lake Victoria is the Nile River, which exits the lake near Jinja, Uganda. Featuring room service, this property also provides guests with a playground. Many towns and cities are reliant on Victoria for their water supplies, for farming and other uses. Its coastline exceeds 2,000 miles (3,220 km). (2017). Among the freshwater lakes of the world, it is exceeded in size only by Lake Superior in North America. life for the people living within the Lake Victoria Basin which is in line with the Bank’s focus areas (Hi5s). Lake Victoria is a 139-hectare (340-acre) shallow saline lake on the Bellarine Peninsula, Victoria in Australia, close to the township of Point Lonsdale and part of the Lonsdale Lakes Nature Reserve administered by Parks Victoria.  The lake has a shoreline of 7,142 km (4,438 mi) when digitized at the 1:25,000 level, with islands constituting 3.7% of this length. The three countries bordering Lake Victoria – Uganda, Kenya and Tanzania – have agreed in principle to the idea of a tax on Nile perch exports, proceeds to be applied to various measures to benefit local communities and sustain the fishery. At the lake’s northwestern corner are the 62 islands of the Sese archipelago, some of them of striking beauty. The shoreline consists of numerous sheltered bays surrounded by papyrus swamps, gulfs and forests at some places. Lake Victoria water resources management challenges and prospects: a need for equitable and sustainable institutional and regulatory frameworks. Log in. Their loss is devastating for the lake, the fields of ecology, genetics and evolution biology, and more evidently, for the local fisheries. Lake Victoria.  These warnings primarily concerned the native tilapia O. esculentus, as the smaller haplochromine cichlids (despite playing an important role in local fisheries) were regarded as "trash fish" by the colonial government. Geologically, Lake Victoria is relatively young at about 400,000 years old. According to a CNN report, a mixture of lethal weather, poor communication and lack of resources are the three biggest cause of the high fatalities per square kilometre at the freshwater lake.. 256pp.  Furthermore, Graham noted that the introduction of the European flax gill net of 5 inch mesh had undoubtedly caused a diminution in the number of ngege in those parts of the Kavirondo Gulf, the northern shore of the lake, the Sesse Islands and Smith's Sound which are conveniently situated close to markets. Located in Entebbe and with Victoria Mall Entebbe reachable within 2.5 miles, Lake Victoria Country Home has express check-in and check-out, non-smoking rooms, a garden, free WiFi and a bar. Uganda has 45 percent of Lake Victoria, while Kenya earns only 6 percent. , The Victoria haplochromines are distinctly sexually dimorphic (males relatively brightly colored; females dull), and their ecology is extremely diverse, falling into at least 16 groups, including detritivores, zooplanktivores, insectivores, prawn-eaters, molluscivores and piscivores. Today, the composition and yields of such fish catches are virtually negligible. The Lake Victory Water and Sanitation Project (LVWATSAN) implemented by the Lake Victoria Basin Commission (LVBC) has greatly impacted on the lives of people living in the 15 towns of the 5 East African Community States where the project has been implemented Herbert Nuwamanya, The LVWATSAN Project Coordinator Uganda says the project has highly improved …  This may increase as a result of the spread of the invasive water hyacinth (an optimum snail habitat), and the loss of many snail-eating cichlids in the lake. the layer of water that lies below the thermocline, is noncirculating, and remains perpetually cold) were lower in 1990–1991 for a longer period than in 1960–1961, with values of less than 1 mg per litre (< 0.4 gr/cu ft) occurring in water as shallow as 40 metres (130 ft) compared with a shallowest occurrence of greater than 50 metres (160 ft) in 1961.  More recently, measures have been used such as the introduction of natural insect predators, including two different water hyacinth weevils and large harvesting and chopping boats, which seem to be much more effective in eliminating the water hyacinth. Lake Victoria, shared by Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda, was named after the Queen of England and is the world's largest tropical lake and the second largest freshwater lake. The countries will lead you to a complete list of the members in a given country and their brief profile. (1929.) Lake Victoria is the second largest lake in the world with a surface area of 68.000 Sq. The influent rivers of Lake Victoria provide few nutrients to the lake in relation to its size. Tanzania Suitable access points to lake Victoria from Tanzania are Bukoba, Mwanza and Msoma. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/place/Lake-Victoria, University of Texas, Dallas - Lake Victoria, UN-Water Activity Information System - Lake Victoria, Victoria, Lake - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Lake Victoria - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Other access points to Lake Victoria from Kenya are Kisii and Homa Bay. , Most of these lakes are relatively shallow (like Victoria) and part of the present-day upper Nile basin. Lake Victoria’s fish. And that is why we are interested in how much is being abstracted by those countries” Tindimugaya explained. The lake exhibits eutrophic conditions. The Victoria Nyanza and Its Fisheries: A Report on the Fish Survey of Lake Victoria 1927–1928 and Appendices. 1. Lake Victoria is divided among three countries Kenya 6 %, Uganda 45%, and Tanzania 49%. Answered Lake Victoria covers land in all of the following countries EXCEPT 1 After Lake Superior in the United States, Lake Victoria is also the second largest freshwater lake in the world by surface area. , At a genus level, most of these are widespread in Africa, but the very rare Xenobarbus and Xenoclarias are endemic to the lake, and the common Rastrineobola is near-endemic. Believing he had found the source of the Nile on seeing this "vast expanse of open water" for the first time, Speke named the lake after Queen Victoria. Local fisheries once depended on catching the lungfish, tilapia, carp and catfish that comprise the local diet. The plants may not have been destroyed, instead merely moved to another location. 2nd edition. In 1952, engineers acting for the government of Colonial Uganda blasted out the weir and reservoir to replace it with an artificial barrage to control the level of the lake and reduce the gradual erosion of the rock weir.  These changes have arisen for multiple reasons: successive burning within its basin, soot and ash from which has been deposited over the lake's wide area; from increased nutrient inflows via rivers, and from increased pollution associated with settlement along its shores. Lake Victoria Fisheries Organization (2016). , Lake Victoria supports Africa's largest inland fishery (as of 1997). ….  The Nile perch had spread throughout the lake by 1970. Therefore, it is of utmost importance to counteract against the rapidly deteriorating water quality in the Lake Victoria Basin (LVB). Animal flesh decays considerably faster, however, so the fertility of the lake is dependent on the rate at which these nutrients can be taken up by fish and other organisms. McAndrews, R. and D.I. Institutions of the East African Community: This page was last edited on 14 January 2021, at 07:36. London: Crown Agents for the Colonies. It is located in East Africa between the countries Tanzania, Uganda and Kenya. Understandably so, Lake Victoria Africa attracts visitors, be they locals who come to fish the waters, or tourists hoping to enjoy the beautiful landscape. Rwanda and Burundi lie in the upper watershed that drains into the Lake. LAKE VICTORIA, February 29, 2016 – When an English explorer stumbled upon Lake Victoria in the middle of the 19 th century, the lake’s 38,000 mile-long shoreline was pristine - broken by small, shallow bays, inlets and wetlands. Lake Victoria is the most important freshwater storage reservoir in East Africa, with about 40 million people depending on its resources. The increasing amounts of algae, in turn, increase the amount of detritus (dead plant material) that falls to the deeper portions of the lake before decomposing. In addition to the biogas it produces, its by-product can be used as fertilizer. Lake Victoria was called after its namesake, Queen Victoria, following its discovery by British explorer, John Speke in 1858. Coinciding anti-racist protests sweeping the world, the clamor is growing in Africa to rename Lake Victoria which lies in Tanzania, Uganda and Kenya. The lake rests between three countries namely, Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania. Africa's largest lake is Lake Victoria. Hundreds of endemic species that evolved under the special conditions offered by the protection of Lake Victoria have been lost due to extinction, and several more are still threatened. It feeds primarily on female mosquitos. Lake Victoria, a naturally occurring shallow freshwater lake of the Murray catchment and part of the Murray-Darling basin, is located in the western Riverina region of south western New South Wales, Australia.. Lake Victoria, also called Victoria Nyanza, largest lake in Africa and chief reservoir of the Nile, lying mainly in Tanzania and Uganda but bordering on Kenya. The set up of small beaches and local authorities around the lake lack proper sewage treatment facilities allowing pollutants to find their way into the water. Lake Victoria info - Gondwana Safari Tour Operators - Safari Holiday Packages, Lodges, Camps +267 686 1971.  Greater growth was observed in the northern part of the lake, in relatively protected areas, which may be linked to current and weather patterns and could also be due to the climate and water conditions, which are more suitable to the plants growth (as there are large urban areas to the north end of the lake, in Uganda). ... Countries. Despite the large surface area, the lake is not very deep, only a maximum Fiedler, P.L.  The piscivorous (affected by both predation and competition from Nile perch), molluscivorous and insectivorous haplochromines were particularly hard hit with many extinctions. But European settlers brought with them a hunger for bigger fish, and soon introduced some invasive species.The effects were incredibly disruptive for the ecosystem. In the late 1860s, the famous Scottish explorer and missionary David Livingstone failed in his attempt to verify Speke's discovery, instead pushing too far west and entering the River Congo system instead. Click on the tags below to find other quizzes on the same subject.  Ultimately, the Welsh-American explorer Henry Morton Stanley, on an expedition funded by the New York Herald newspaper, confirmed the truth of Speke's discovery, circumnavigating the lake and reporting the great outflow at Ripon Falls on the lake's northern shore.  The water hyacinth is in remission and this trend could be permanent if control efforts are continued..  Their extraordinary diversity and speed of evolution have been the subjects for many scientists studying the forces that drive the richness of life everywhere. Lake Victoria or Victoria Nyanza (also known as Ukerewe and Nnalubaale) is a lake in Africa.It is bordered and governed by the countries of Tanzania, Uganda and Kenya.The lake is in the western part of Africa's Great Rift Valley.. Lake Victoria is 68,800 square kilometres (26,560 mi²) in size. The lake is shared by three riparian states : Uganda, Kenya and Tanzania with Ugandas' part constituting 30.720 Sq. Graham M. In 1927-1928 Michael Graham conducted the first ever systematic Fisheries Survey of Lake Victoria. Sitting in a fertile basin, the area is predictably heavily cultivated and densely populated, and given that much of its shoreline is marshy and infested with bilharzia, swimming is not an option. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Lake Victoria is drained solely by the Nile River near Jinja, Uganda, on the lake's northern shore. Lake Victoria.  Some species have survived in nearby small satellite lakes, have survived in refugias among rocks or papyrus sedges (protecting them from the Nile perch), or have adapted to the human-induced changes in the lake itself. Found on the western side of Africa's Great Rift Valley, Lake Victoria borders the countries of Kenya, Tanzania, and Uganda. Ochiel, G.S., A.M. Mailu, W. Gitonga and S.W. Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. Burton, who had been recovering from illness at the time and resting further south on the shores of Lake Tanganyika, was outraged that Speke claimed to have proved his discovery to have been the true source of the Nile River, which Burton regarded as still unsettled. Few fisheries, though, have been able to make the switch to catching the Nile perch, since that requires a significant amount of capital resources.. ", 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T60318A47182908.en. The lake’s shores vary in aspect. (2006). "Lake Victoria Fish Stocks and the Effects of Water Hyacinth". Learn how and when to remove this template message, "The Victoria Nyanza. Lake Victoria is considered the most dangerous water body of its kind in the world due to the number of deaths recorded every year.. It is densely populated. The project is in line with the Protocol for Sustainable Development of Lake Victoria Basin; Lake Victoria Basin Commission (LVBC) Strategic Plan 2011 – 2016; the participating countries CSPs; and the Bank’s RISP for East Africa. Extensive fish kills, Nile perch, loss of habitat and overfishing have caused many fisheries to collapse and many protein sources to be unavailable at the market for local consumption. Overall, the timing of the decline could be linked to all of these factors and perhaps together, in combination, they were more effective than any one deterrent would have been by itself. , Four species of freshwater crabs are known from Lake Victoria: Potamonautes niloticus is widespread in the lake and P. emini has been recorded from the vicinity of Bukoba in Tanzania, but both are also found elsewhere in Africa. Longest branch of the local environment Community: this page was last edited on 14 January 2021, at.! Kiira hydroelectric power the next year solids are filtered out using sand, exits. This lake, and Kenya expedition was financially sponsored by the Royal Geographic Society other fish equals it the... Terms of contributed water, this property also provides guests with a lake victoria countries area of 26,828 square miles 3,220... Has been disrupted G.S., A.M. Mailu, W. Gitonga and S.W perch, have driven many endemic species extinction. 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